Alabama

The Yellowhammer State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    200,664

  • Median Age of Latinos

    26.1

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $31,664

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    17,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    32.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    43.6%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    6.6%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Alabama increased by 160.6% and accounted for 31.5% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Alabama’s Latino population totaled 200,664 and constituted 4.1% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Huntsville, Birmingham, and Montgomery. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Jefferson and Madison. 4

In 2014, Alabama’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 41,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 17,000 and constituted 0.7% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 17.6% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2016

Alabama became one of two states to sue the federal government over the issue of refugee resettlement. In particular, Alabama is concerned that the government isn’t adhering to the Refugee Act of 1980, which asserts that states should be consulted on refugee placement. 8

2014

Alabama was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 9

2013

Alabama passed AL S108, which established the State Law Enforcement Agency. This agency is responsible for developing and maintaining the state’s homeland security, including issues related immigration reform. 10

70.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (62.1% were native born and 8.1% were naturalized). 11

37.9% of Latinos were foreign born. 12

68.1% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 13

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 50.6% spoke English “very well”, 19.0% spoke English “well”, 21.7% spoke English “not well”, and 8.7% spoke English “not at all.” 14

The median age of Latinos was 26.1 years compared to 41.8 years for Whites. 15

8% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.7% of Whites/ 16

Latinos comprise 6.6% of all persons under the age of 18. 17

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 41.4% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 13.4%of Whites), 22.5% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 31.2% of Whites), 19.9% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 29.6% of Whites), 11.4% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 16.2% of Whites), and 4.9% had a Graduate degree (compared to 9.7% of Whites). 18

Median household incomes totaled $31,664 for Latinos and $49,652 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars. 19

32.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 10.0% of Whites. 20

43.6% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 74.9% of White households) and 56.4% were renter occupied (compared to 25.1% of White households). 21

6.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.7% of Whites. 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 167.2% over a 10-year period, going from 2,524 in 2002 to 6,743 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $1.7 billion representing an increase of 71.8% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 10,884 people with an annual payroll of $351.6 million. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Alabama totaled $4.2 billion. 28

87,772 in 2000 to 157,356 in 2014 (immigrant share increased by3.2% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 31.7% of immigrants living in Alabama entered the U.S. before 1990, 33.7% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 13.1% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 50.7% of immigrants living in Alabama were born in Latin America, 30.7% were born in Asia, 11.0% were born in Europe, 4.5% were born in Africa, and 3.1% were born in other regions. 31

34.8% of all immigrants in Alabama were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 32

In 2012, 30,667 people (or 1.2% of all registered voters in Alabama) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 33

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 93.646 and made-up 3.8% of Alabama’s workforce. 34

Between 2009 and 2013, 44,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Alabama, representing 67% of the undocumented civilian population. 35 Removing undocumented immigrants from Alabama would result in a $2.6 billion loss in economic activity and a $1.1 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 17,819 jobs. 36

Undocumented immigrants in Alabama paid $69.7 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 37

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