Arizona

The Grand Canyon State
Arizona Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    2,056,455

  • Median Age of Latinos

    26.7

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $39,180

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    687,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    22.2%

  • Latino Homeownership

    48.7%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    43.4%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Arizona increased by 57.1% and accounted for 47.6% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Arizona’s Latino population totaled 747,066 and constituted 30.5% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Mesa, Phoenix, and Tucson. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Maricopa and Pima. 4

In 2014, Arizona’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 1,145,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 687,000 and constituted 25.1% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 53.0% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Arizona is one of seven states that implemented elements from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ naturalization exam into their high school curricula. AZ H2064 requires high school students to fulfill their social studies graduation requirements by passing a test that is based on the civics section of the exam. 8

Arizona’s AZ S1271 revised an existing bill regarding the building and maintenance of a secure fence on the Arizona-Mexico border. The new legislation now stipulates that the fence can be built “as close as practicable,” rather than one mile from the border. 9 10

2014

In Arizona, legislation (AZ H2708) was passed, stipulating that loans, agreements, and other contracts could not involve investments that might “facilitate illegal immigration into the United States.” 11 12

Arizona (AZ S1397) stopped allowing official Mexican border crossing ID and/or voter cards to be used as proof of an individual’s age while buying alcohol. 13

Arizona was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional.14

80.8% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (72.2% were native born and 8.6% were naturalized). 15

27.8% of Latinos were foreign born. 16

65.7% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 17

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 63.1% spoke English “very well”, 14.1% spoke English “well”, 13.0% spoke English “not well”, and 9.8% spoke English “not at all.” 18

The median age of Latinos was 26.7 years compared to 40.2 years for Whites. 19

34.2% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 22.0% of Whites. 20

Latinos comprise 43.4% of all persons under the age of 18. 21

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 34.6% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 12.1% of Whites), 27.2% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 24.1% of Whites), 26.5% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 34.9% of Whites), 8.2% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 18.2% of Whites), and 3.5% had a Graduate degree (compared to 10.7% of Whites). 22

Median household incomes totaled $39,180 for Latinos and $51,629 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 23

22.2% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 8.6% of Whites. 24

48.7% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 64.3% of White households) and 51.3% were renter occupied (compared to 35.7% of White households). 25

8.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.6% of Whites. 26

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 155.4% over a 10-year period, going from 35,104 in 2002 to 89,673 in 2012. 27 28

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $9.9 billion, representing an increase of 23.7% from 2007. 29 30

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 60,450 people with an annual payroll of $1.6 billion. 31

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Arizona totaled $39.5 billion. 32

From 2000 to 2014, Arizona’s immigrant population increased 40.1% growing from 656,183 in 2000 to 919,559 in 2014 (immigrant share of 13.7% in 2014). 33

In 2014, 36.6% of immigrants living in Arizona entered the U.S. before 1990, 25.1% entered between 1990 and 1999, 31.8% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 11.6% entered after 2010. 34

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 63.5% of immigrants living in Arizona were born in Latin America, 19.5% were born in Asia, 8.9% were born in Europe, 2.6% were born in Africa, and 5.4% were born in other regions. 35

39.0% of all immigrants in Arizona were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 36

In 2012, 393,698 people (or 14.0% of all registered voters in Arizona) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 37

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 530,479 and made-up 16.6% of Arizona’s workforce. 38

Between 2009 and 2013, 131,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Arizona, representing 54% of the undocumented civilian population. 39 Removing undocumented immigrants from Arizona would result in a $48.8 billion loss in economic activity and a $13.3 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 581,000 jobs. 40

Undocumented immigrants in Arizona paid $237.9 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 41

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