Colorado

The Centennial State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    1,135,109

  • Median Age of Latinos

    27.4

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $44,174

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    321,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    20.5%

  • Latino Homeownership

    48.2%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    31.2%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Colorado increased by 52.3% and accounted for 37.9% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Colorado’s Latino population totaled 1,135,109 and constituted 21.2% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Denver, Aurora, and Colorado Springs. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Denver and Adams. 4

In 2014, Colorado’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 534,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 321,000 and constituted 12.1% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 67.9% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2013

Colorado was one of several states that passed legislation related to non-lawful immigration status and in-state tuition. CO S33 allowed immigrant students with non-legal status to qualify for in-state tuition. 8

CO S251 allows individuals with non-legal status access to obtain driver’s licenses and ID cards. 9

81.4% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (75.8% were native born and 5.7% were naturalized). 10

24.2% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

53.2% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 60.6% spoke English “very well”, 7% spoke English “well”, 15.6% spoke English “not well”, and 7.1% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 27.4 years compared to 37.8 years for Whites. 14

34.3% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 22.0% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 2% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 31.0% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 8.1% of Whites), 29.4% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 21.6% of Whites), 26.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 30.3% of Whites), 9.2% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 25.1% of Whites), and 4.4% had a Graduate degree (compared to 14.9% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $44,174 for Latinos and $63,790 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

20.5% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.2% of Whites. 19

48.2% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 66.6% of White households) and 51.8% were renter occupied (compared to 33.4% of White households). 20

7.1% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 4.8% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 113.6% over a 10-year period, going from 24,054 in 2002 to 51,382 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $6.4 million, representing an decrease of 3.0% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 38,420 people with an annual payroll of $1.3 million. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Colorado totaled $25.6 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Colorado’s immigrant population increased 45.5%, growing from 369,903 in 2000 to 538,244 in 2014 (immigrant share of 10.1% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 31.8% of immigrants living in Colorado entered the U.S. before 1990, 27.3% entered between 1990 and 1999, 29.6% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 11.3% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 52.8% of immigrants living in Colorado were born in Latin America, 22.7% were born in Asia, 14.6% were born in Europe, 6.5% were born in Africa, and 3.3% were born in other regions. 30

39.8% of all immigrants in Colorado were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 184,451 people (or 7.0% of all registered voters in Colorado) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 351,344 and made-up 12.0% of Colorado’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 96,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Colorado, representing 64% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Colorado would result in a $8.0 billion loss in economic activity and a $3.6 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 39,738 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Colorado paid $144 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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