Washington, District of Columbia

The Nation's Capital
DC Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    68,355

  • Median Age of Latinos

    30.7

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $63,065

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    19,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    16.3%

  • Latino Homeownership

    28.8%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    14.7%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in District of Columbia increased by 51.0% and accounted for 26.6% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, District of Columbia’s Latino population totaled 68,355 and constituted 10.4% of the state’s total population. 2

In 2014, District of Columbia’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 28,000. 3

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 19,000 and constituted 5.4% of all registered voters in the state. 4

Approximately 68.4% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 5

2013

In the District of Columbia, DC B275 allows residents who either don’t have a social security number or cannot prove legal residency to get a driver’s license or identification card. 6

DC B803 was also enacted, making immigration documents available to children in foster care at least 30 days prior to their leaving the program. 7

60.4% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (48.5% were native born and 11.9% were naturalized). 8

51.5% of Latinos were foreign born. 9

74.4% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 10

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 54.4% spoke English “very well”, 22.1% spoke English “well”, 19.2% spoke English “not well”, and 4.3% spoke English “not at all.” 11

The median age of Latinos was 30.7 years compared to 32.8 years for Whites. 12

24.7% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 11.7% of Whites. 13

Latinos comprise7% of all persons under the age of 18. 14

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 32.0% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 2.6% of Whites), 14.4% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 3.4% of Whites), 11.7% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 6.9% of Whites), 17.0% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 36.4% of Whites), and 25.0% had a Graduate degree (compared to 50.8% of Whites). 15

Median household incomes totaled $63,065 for Latinos and $114,747 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 16

16.3% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 1.9% of Whites. 17

28.8% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 46.4% of White households) and 71.2% were renter occupied (compared to 53.6% of White households). 18

5.8% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 2.7% of Whites. 19

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 93.3% over a 10-year period, going from 2,169 in 2002 to 4,192 in 2012. 20 21

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $1.3 million, representing an increase of 32.4% from 2007. 22 23

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 8,662 people with an annual payroll of $349,435. 24

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in District of Columbia totaled $3.2 billion. 25

From 2000 to 2014, District of Columbia’s immigrant population increased 25.0%, growing from 73,561 in 2000 to 91,949 in 2014 (immigrant share of 14.0% in 2014). 26

In 2014, 29.3% of immigrants living in District of Columbia entered the U.S. before 1990, 16.4% entered between 1990 and 1999, 33.0% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 21.3% entered after 2010. 27

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 43.1% of immigrants living in District of Columbia were born in Latin America, 18.3% were born in Asia, 20.0% were born in Europe, 15.9% were born in Africa, and 2.9% were born in other regions. 28

38.6% of all immigrants in District of Columbia were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 29

In 2012, 48,832 people (or 12.7% of all registered voters in District of Columbia) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 30

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 62,340 and made-up 15.6% of District of Columbia’s workforce. 31

Between 2009 and 2013, 16,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in District of Columbia, representing 71% of the undocumented civilian population. 32 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from District of Columbia would result in a $1.1 billion loss in economic activity and a $490.5 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 5,400 jobs. 33

Undocumented immigrants in District of Columbia paid $28.9 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 34

Search USHLI Almanac
Profiles: