Delaware

The First State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    83,325

  • Median Age of Latinos

    25.6

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $50,525

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    14,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    18.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    49.7%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    14.6%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Delaware increased by 23.5% and accounted for 30.9% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Delaware’s Latino population totaled 83,325 and constituted 8.9% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Wilmington, Georgetown, and Dover. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were New Castle and Sussex. 4

In 2014, Delaware’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 31,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 14,000 and constituted 3.2% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 35.7% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

New legislation (DE S59) passed in Delaware, allowing driving privileges for undocumented immigrants. In order to receive a driving privilege card, the individual must be able to demonstrate that they have either filed state tax returns or have been claimed as a dependent of a person who filed state tax returns for the past two years. 8

2014

Delaware passed legislation that provides access to state services for human trafficking victims and minor workers involved in commercial sexual activity. 9

82.0% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (72.1% were native born and 10.0% were naturalized). 10

27.9% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

71.2% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 61.2% spoke English “very well”, 18.4% spoke English “well”, 14.2% spoke English “not well”, and 6.2% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 25.6 years compared to 43.7 years for Whites. 14

35.8% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 19.0% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 6% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 33.8% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 9.7% of Whites), 26.7% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 32.5% of Whites), 23.7% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 26.6% of Whites), 10.3% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 18.9% of Whites), and 5.6% had a Graduate degree (compared to 12.3% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $50,525 for Latinos and $64,388 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

18.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 5.8% of Whites. 19

49.7% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 76.9% of White households) and 50.3% were renter occupied (compared to 23.1% of White households). 20

5.7% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.6% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 211.7% over a 10-year period, going from 879 in 2002 to 2,740 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $424,717, representing an increase of 24.8% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 2,747 people with an annual payroll of $78,306. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Delaware totaled $1,9 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Delaware’s immigrant population increased 78.8%, growing from 44,898 in 2000 to 80,300 in 2014 (immigrant share of 8.6% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 33.1% of immigrants living in Delaware entered the U.S. before 1990, 19.4% entered between 1990 and 1999, 32.3% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 21.3% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 38.2% of immigrants living in Delaware were born in Latin America, 38.4% were born in Asia, 13.0% were born in Europe, 8.9% were born in Africa, and 1.4% were born in other regions. 30

48.8% of all immigrants in Delaware were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 27,232 people (or 5.8% of all registered voters in Delaware) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 52,629 and made-up 10.0% of Delaware’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 14,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Delaware, representing 67% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Delaware would result in a $949 million loss in economic activity and a $421.5 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 6,300 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Delaware paid $12.4 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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