Hawaii

The Aloha State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    143,239

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.9

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $58,683

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    31,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    5.8%

  • Latino Homeownership

    39.5%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    17.0%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Hawaii increased by 62.8% and accounted for 26.8% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Hawaii’s Latino population totaled 143,239 and constituted 10.1% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Honolulu and Pearl City. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Honolulu and Hawaii. 4

In 2014, Hawaii’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 62,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 31,000 and constituted 6.3% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 67.7% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

New legislation passed in Hawaii (HI H1007), allowing driving privileges for undocumented immigrants. They must be able to provide both proof of identity and evidence that they meet state residency requirements. 8

2013

Hawaii passed legislation (HI H1059) that states that all defendants in a court of law could face detention and deportation if they are not legal U.S. citizens. Additionally, the defendants are not required to discuss their immigration status while in court. 9

96.4% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (91.2% were native born and 5.2% were naturalized). 10

8.8% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

15.7% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 73.3% spoke English “very well”, 19.4% spoke English “well”, 5.5% spoke English “not well”, and 1.9% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 24.9 years compared to 40.6 years for Whites. 14

36.7% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 14.4% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 17.0% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 10.3% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 3.8% of Whites), 33.1% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 19.7% of Whites), 35.4% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 34.1% of Whites), 16.1% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 25.5% of Whites), and 5.2% had a Graduate degree (compared to 16.9% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $58,683 for Latinos and $68,415 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

5.8% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 5.7% of Whites. 19

39.5% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 51.8% of White households) and 60.5% were renter occupied (compared to 48.3% of White households). 20

7.1% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.0% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 80.8% over a 10-year period, going from 3,095 in 2002 to 5,596 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $1.0 million, representing an increase of 18.0% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 3,353 people with an annual payroll of $148,381. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Hawaii totaled $4.0 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Hawaii’s immigrant population increased 17.9%, growing from 212,229 in 2000 to 250,272 in 2014 (immigrant share of 17.6% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 40.8% of immigrants living in Hawaii entered the U.S. before 1990, 20.6% entered between 1990 and 1999, 27.3% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 11.3% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 4.1% of immigrants living in Hawaii were born in Latin America, 78.4% were born in Asia, 4.2% were born in Europe, 0.9% were born in Africa, and 12.5% were born in other regions. 30

56.9% of all immigrants in Hawaii were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 99,094 people (or 18.1% of all registered voters in Hawaii) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 154,627 and made-up 20.8% of Hawaii’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 12,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Hawaii, representing 66% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Hawaii would result in a $2 billion loss in economic activity and a $900.3 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 8,460 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Hawaii paid $31.2 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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