Idaho

The Gem State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    196,502

  • Median Age of Latinos

    23.6

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $39,070

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    23,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    30.7%

  • Latino Homeownership

    49.5%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    18.1%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Idaho increased by 90.7% and accounted for 27.9% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Idaho’s Latino population totaled 196,502 and constituted 12.0% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Boise, Nampa, and Caldwell. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Canyon and Ada. 4

In 2014, Idaho’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 96,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 23,000 and constituted 3.4% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 73.9% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Idaho is one of seven states that implemented elements from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ naturalization exam into their high school curricula. ID S1071 requires high school students to pass a test that based on the civics section of the exam. 8

2014

Idaho was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 9

2013

Idaho passed ID H258, prohibiting individuals who are here unlawfully or have renounced their U.S. citizenship from being able to get a concealed handgun license. 10

78.8% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (70.1% were native born and 8.7% were naturalized). 11

29.9% of Latinos were foreign born. 12

60.9% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 13

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 55.3% spoke English “very well”, 19.7% spoke English “well”, 16.7% spoke English “not well”, and 8.2% spoke English “not at all.” 14

The median age of Latinos was 23.6 years compared to 36.9 years for Whites. 15

39.6% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 25.5% of Whites. 16

Latinos comprise 18.1% of all persons under the age of 18. 17

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 42.1% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 8.9% of Whites), 27.5% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 28.2% of Whites), 22.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 37.4% of Whites), 6.1% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 17.1% of Whites), and 2.3% had a Graduate degree (compared to 8.4% of Whites). 18

Median household incomes totaled $39,070 for Latinos and $48,503 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 19

30.7% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 11.0% of Whites. 20

49.5% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 69.0% of White households) and 50.5% were renter occupied (compared to 31.1% of White households). 21

7.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 4.9% of Whites. 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 127.2% over a 10-year period, going from 2,775 in 2002 to 6,305 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $693,259, representing an increase of 53.9% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 3,990 people with an annual payroll of $110,846. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Idaho totaled $4.0 billion. 28

From 2000 to 2014, Idaho’s immigrant population increased 51.9%, growing from 64,080 in 2000 to 97,353 in 2014 (immigrant share of 6.0% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 36.2% of immigrants living in Idaho entered the U.S. before 1990, 25.1% entered between 1990 and 1999, 27.9% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 10.8% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 60.8% of immigrants living in Idaho were born in Latin America, 20.3% were born in Asia, 9.8% were born in Europe, 2.6% were born in Africa, and 6.6% were born in other regions. 31

36.2% of all immigrants in Idaho were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 32

In 2012, 35,737 people (or 4.8% of all registered voters in Idaho) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 33

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 61,677 and made-up 7.3% of Idaho’s workforce. 34

Between 2009 and 2013, 18,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Idaho, representing 64% of the undocumented civilian population. 35 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Idaho would result in a $428.8 million loss in economic activity and a $190.4 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 3,060 jobs. 36

Undocumented immigrants in Idaho paid $26.6 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 37

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