Illinois

Land of Lincoln
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    2,152,974

  • Median Age of Latinos

    27.7

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $47,466

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    410,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    20.9%

  • Latino Homeownership

    50.8%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    24.3%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Illinois increased by 39.4% and accounted for 136.4% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Illinois’s Latino population totaled 2,152,974 and constituted 16.7% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Chicago, Aurora, and Cicero. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Cook and Kane. 4

In 2014, Illinois’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 892,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 410,000 and constituted 7.2% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 53.2% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2014

Illinois enacted IL S3440, allowing the collection of fees from the J-1 Visa Waver Program applications of international medical students. The fees will go into the Illinois Rural/Downstate Health Access Fund. 8

2013

IL H3047 was passed, creating a new state office that will provide adequate assistance for immigrants trying to assimilate and succeed in Illinois. 9

75.9% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (63.6% were native born and 12.4% were naturalized). 10

36.4% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

77.5% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 57.8% spoke English “very well”, 18.2% spoke English “well”, 17.6% spoke English “not well”, and 6.4% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 27.7 years compared to 40.1 years for Whites. 14

33.8% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.2% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 24.3% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 35.5% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 9.5% of Whites), 29.9% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 27.4% of Whites), 21.3% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 28.8% of Whites), 9.4% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 21.3% of Whites), and 4.0% had a Graduate degree (compared to 13.0% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $47,466 for Latinos and $62,243 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

20.9% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 6.2% of Whites. 19

50.8% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 71.9% of White households) and 49.2% were renter occupied (compared to 28.1% of White households). 20

8.8% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.0% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 134.3% over a 10-year period, going from 39,539 in 2002 to 92,632 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $17.3 million, representing an increase of 67.6% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 111,434 people with an annual payroll of $3.0 million. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Illinois totaled $49.0 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Illinois’s immigrant population increased 16.7%, growing from 1,529,058 in 2000 to 1,784,403 in 2014 (immigrant share of 13.9% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 36.4% of immigrants living in Illinois entered the U.S. before 1990, 27.9% entered between 1990 and 1999, 25.6% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 13.9% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 45.3% of immigrants living in Illinois were born in Latin America, 29.7% were born in Asia, 20.7% were born in Europe, 3.1% were born in Africa, and 1.2% were born in other regions. 30

49.4% of all immigrants in Illinois were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 783,802 people (or 12.2% of all registered voters in Illinois) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 1,165,504 and made-up 16.8% of Illinois’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 313,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Illinois, representing 65% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Illinois would result in a $25.6 billion loss in economic activity and a $11.4 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 119,214 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Illinois paid $793.7 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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