Indiana

The Hoosier State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    432,305

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.0

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $41,125

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    78,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    23.8%

  • Latino Homeownership

    53.6%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    10.4%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Indiana increased by 98.9% and accounted for 42.6% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Indiana’s Latino population totaled 432,305 and constituted 6.6% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Indianapolis, Hammond, and Fort Wayne. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Marion and Lake. 4

In 2014, Indiana’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 180,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 78,000 and constituted 2.6% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 44.9% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Indiana passed IN H1019, which requires contractors to submit E-Verify case verification numbers for all people who require verification. Submissions are to be received before the public project begins. 8

2014

Indiana was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 9

76.6% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (68.4% were native born and 8.3% were naturalized). 10

31.6% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

62.4% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 55.7% spoke English “very well”, 19.9% spoke English “well”, 18.5% spoke English “not well”, and 5.9% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 24.0 years compared to 39.1 years for Whites. 14

38.7% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 22.4% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 10.4% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 36.3% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 10.6% of Whites), 28.2% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 35.0% of Whites), 22.9% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 29.3% of Whites), 8.4% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 16.2% of Whites), and 4.2% had a Graduate degree (compared to 8.9% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $41,125 for Latinos and $51,814 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

23.8% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 10.5% of Whites. 19

53.6% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 72.8% of White households) and 46.5% were renter occupied (compared to 27.2% of White households). 20

7.3% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.0% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 148.8% over a 10-year period, going from 5,482 in 2002 to 13,639 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $2.5 million, representing an increase of 47.7% from 2007. 2425

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 16,842 people with an annual payroll of $424,298. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Indiana totaled $9.1 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Indiana’s immigrant population increased 71.3%, growing from 186,534 in 2000 to 319,580 in 2014 (immigrant share of 4.8% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 27.0% of immigrants living in Indiana entered the U.S. before 1990, 22.7% entered between 1990 and 1999, 34.3% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 16.0% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 44.5% of immigrants living in Indiana were born in Latin America, 34.7% were born in Asia, 12.9% were born in Europe, 5.3% were born in Africa, and 2.6% were born in other regions. 30

38.7% of all immigrants in Indiana were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 85,013 people (or 2.6% of all registered voters in Indiana) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 197,048 and made-up 5.7% of Indiana’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 53,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Indiana, representing 64% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Indiana would result in a $2.8 billion loss in economic activity and a $1.3 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 16,739 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Indiana paid $93.7 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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