Louisiana

The Pelican State
Louisiana Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    224,867

  • Median Age of Latinos

    28.9

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $44,938

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    57,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    34.8%

  • Latino Homeownership

    42.5%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    6.0%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Louisiana increased by 106.3% and accounted for 65.2% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Louisiana’s Latino population totaled 224,867 and constituted 4.8% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Metarie, New Orleans, and Baton Rouge. 3 The two parishes with the largest Latino populations were Jefferson and Orleans. 4

In 2014, Louisiana’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 100,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 57,000 and constituted 2.4% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 54.4% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Louisiana is one of seven states that implemented elements from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ naturalization exam into their high school curricula. Louisiana S283 requires that high school students learn fundamentals that are based on the civics section of the exam. 8

Louisiana also passed LA H836, which outlines alternative documentation that may be accepted when individuals applying for a marriage license lack a social security number or U.S. birth certificate. 9

2014

Louisiana was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 10

69.0% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (57.8% were native born and 11.3% were naturalized). 11

42.2% of Latinos were foreign born. 12

64.5% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 13

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 47.5% spoke English “very well”, 19.6% spoke English “well”, 20.7% spoke English “not well”, and 12.2% spoke English “not at all.” 14

The median age of Latinos was 28.9 years compared to 39.5 years for Whites. 15

29.8% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.4% of Whites. 16

Latinos comprise 6.0% of all persons under the age of 18. 17

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 28.1% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 13.2% of Whites), 29.3% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 33.3% of Whites), 24.7% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 26.9% of Whites), 11.1% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 17.7% of Whites), and 6.9% had a Graduate degree (compared to 8.9% of Whites). 18

Median household incomes totaled $44,938 for Latinos and $54,290 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 19

34.8% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 11.2% of Whites. 20

42.5% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 73.0% of White households) and 57.5% were renter occupied (compared to 27.0% of White households). 21

7.3% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.2% of Whites. 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 94.6% over a 10-year period, going from 7,645 in 2002 to 14,879 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $4.2 million, representing an increase of 61.9% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 19,809 people with an annual payroll of $778,322. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Louisiana totaled $7.3 billion. 28

From 2000 to 2014, Louisiana’s immigrant population increased 67.6%, growing from 115,885 in 2000 to 194,277 in 2014 (immigrant share of 4.2% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 32.4% of immigrants living in Louisiana entered the U.S. before 1990, 17.1% entered between 1990 and 1999, 31.8% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 18.7% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 53.4% of immigrants living in Louisiana were born in Latin America, 32.6% were born in Asia, 7.8% were born in Europe, 4.2% were born in Africa, and 1.9% were born in other regions. 31

40.1% of all immigrants in Louisiana were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 32

In 2012, 47,454 people (or 1.9% of all registered voters in Louisiana) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 33

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 123,297 and made-up 5.0% of Louisiana’s workforce. 34

Between 2009 and 2013, 39,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Louisiana, representing 69% of the undocumented civilian population. 35 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Louisiana would result in a $3.8 billion loss in economic activity and a $1.7 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 20,339 jobs. 36

Undocumented immigrants in Louisiana paid $59.9 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 37

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