Maine

The Pine Tree State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    20,165

  • Median Age of Latinos

    28.7

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $52,477

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    4,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    12.7%

  • Latino Homeownership

    53.7%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    2.2%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Maine increased by 114.0% and accounted for 20.3% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Maine’s Latino population totaled 20,165 and constituted 1.5% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Portland. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Cumberland and York. 4

In 2014, Maine’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 10,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 4,000 and constituted 0.5% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 75.0% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Maine law (ME S137) now allows individuals who are living in the state lawfully, or are in the process of applying for lawful status, to be eligible for assistance for up to 24 months. 8

2014

Maine was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 9

2013

Maine passed ME HP824, which altered the definition of human trafficking to include the removal/confiscation of immigration documents while intending “to cause the other person to believe that if that person does not perform certain labor or services… [they] will be subject to a harm to their health, safety or immigration status.” 10 11National Conference of State Legislatures. 2013.

87.8% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (73.8% were native born and 14.0% were naturalized). 12

26.2% of Latinos were foreign born. 13

35.7% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 14

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 70.2% spoke English “very well”, 18.2% spoke English “well”, 7.1% spoke English “not well”, and 4.5% spoke English “not at all.” 15

The median age of Latinos was 28.7 years compared to 45.2 years for Whites. 16

29.0% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 18.6% of Whites. 17

Latinos comprise 2.2% of all persons under the age of 18. 18

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 11.1% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 7.9% of Whites), 25.3% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 32.6% of Whites), 33.9% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 30.1% of Whites), 19.5% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 19.4% of Whites), and 10.3% had a Graduate degree (compared to 10.0% of Whites). 19

Median household incomes totaled $52,477 for Latinos and $50,077 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 20

12.7% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 9.9% of Whites. 21

53.7% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 72.5% of White households) and 46.3% were renter occupied (compared to 27.6% of White households). 22

2.0% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.6% of Whites. 23

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 26.7% over a 10-year period, going from 731 in 2002 to 926 in 2012. 24 25

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $157,972, representing an decrease of 3.2% from 2007. 26 27

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 1,015 people with an annual payroll of $37,348. 28

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Maine totaled $488.0 million. 29

From 2000 to 2014, Maine’s immigrant population increased 35.4%, growing from 36,691 in 2000 to 49,686 in 2014 (immigrant share of 3.7% in 2014). 30

In 2014, 45.9% of immigrants living in Maine entered the U.S. before 1990, 14.6% entered between 1990 and 1999, 19.6% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 19.9% entered after 2010. 31

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 9.7% of immigrants living in Maine were born in Latin America, 28.7% were born in Asia, 23.8% were born in Europe, 13.2% were born in Africa, and 24.6% were born in other regions. 32

54.4% of all immigrants in Maine were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 33

In 2012, 24,394 people (or 3.1% of all registered voters in Maine) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 34

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 26,034 and made-up 4.0% of Maine’s workforce. 35

Between 2009 and 2013, 19,937 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Maine, representing 2.8% of the undocumented civilian population. 36 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Maine would result in a $137.1 million loss in economic activity and a $60.9 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 1,080 jobs. 37

Undocumented immigrants in Maine paid $4.3 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 38

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