Maryland

The Old Line State
Maryland Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    557,371

  • Median Age of Latinos

    28.6

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $63,020

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    120,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    26.6%

  • Latino Homeownership

    49.0%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    13.3%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Maryland increased by 141.1% and accounted for 49.0% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Maryland’s Latino population totaled 557,371 and constituted 9.3% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Baltimore, Silver Spring, and Wheaton. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Montgomery and Prince George’s. 4

In 2014, Maryland’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 189,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 120,000 and constituted 4.0% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 48.3% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Governor Larry Hogan announced that the state would now contact federal officials upon releasing detained illegal immigrants who had been already been targeted for deportation. 8

64.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (50.4% were native born and 13.8% were naturalized). 9

49.6% of Latinos were foreign born. 10

69.9% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 11

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 53.6% spoke English “very well”, 19.7% spoke English “well”, 18.7% spoke English “not well”, and 8.1% spoke English “not at all.” 12

The median age of Latinos was 28.6 years compared to 42.0 years for Whites. 13

32.4% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.1% of Whites. 14

Latinos comprise 13.3% of all persons under the age of 18. 15

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 36.7% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 8.7% of Whites), 22.5% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 24.9% of Whites), 19.0% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 24.4% of Whites), 12.6% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 22.6% of Whites), and 9.3% had a Graduate degree (compared to 19.4% of Whites). 16

Median household incomes totaled $63,020 for Latinos and $81,915 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 17

26.6% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 4.6% of Whites. 18

49.0% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 74.6% of White households) and 51.0% were renter occupied (compared to 25.4% of White households). 19

7.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.1% of Whites. 20

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 143.9% over a 10-year period, going from 15,353 in 2002 to  37,447 in 2012. 21 22

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $5.4 million, representing an increase of 22.3% from 2007. 23

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 31,270 people with an annual payroll of $1.1 million. 24 25

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Maryland totaled $16.2 billion. 26

From 2000 to 2014, Maryland’s immigrant population increased 71.8%, growing from 518,315 in 2000 to 890,439 in 2014 (immigrant share of  14.9% in 2014). 27

In 2014, 30.4% of immigrants living in Maryland entered the U.S. before 1990, 23.1% entered between 1990 and 1999,  32.5% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 14.0% entered after 2010. 28

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 39.0% of immigrants living in Maryland were born in Latin America, 33.1% were born in Asia, 10.5% were born in Europe, 16.1% were born in Africa, and 1.3% were born in other regions. 29

48.8% of all immigrants in Maryland were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 30

In 2012, 352,371 people (or 12.2% of all registered voters in Maryland) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 31

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 620,352 and made-up 17.7% of Maryland’s workforce. 32

Between 2009 and 2013, 150,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Maryland, representing 71% of the undocumented civilian population. 33 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Maryland would result in a $15.3 billion loss in economic activity and a $6.8 billion  loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 73,267 jobs. 34

Undocumented immigrants in Maryland paid $293.8 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 35

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