Michigan

The Great Lakes State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    476,285

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.8

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $42,649

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    179,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    16.6%

  • Latino Homeownership

    55.9%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    8.0%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Michigan increased by 45.6%, even though the state’s total population actually decreased. 1

In 2014, Michigan’s Latino population totaled 476,285 and constituted 4.8% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Detroit, Grand Rapids, and Wyoming. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Wayne and Kent. 4

In 2014, Michigan’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 295,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 179,000 and constituted 3.5% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 45.8% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Michigan passed MI RH9, which asked that President Obama allow 25,000 additional refugee visas be given to displaced Iraqis. 8

2014

Michigan was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 9

83.4% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (76.9% were native born and 6.5% were naturalized). 10

23.1% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

50.0% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 61.4% spoke English “very well”, 17.4% spoke English “well”, 15.3% spoke English “not well”, and 5.8% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 24.8 years compared to 42.2 years for Whites. 14

37.2% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.7% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 8.0% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 30.0% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 8.8% of Whites), 26.8% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 30.1% of Whites), 26.7% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 33.0% of Whites), 10.7% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 17.3% of Whites), and 5.8% had a Graduate degree (compared to 10.8% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $42,649 for Latinos and $53,174 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

16.6% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.4% of Whites. 19

55.9% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 76.0% of White households) and 44.1% were renter occupied (compared to 24.1% of White households). 20

10.1% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.5% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 103.7% over a 10-year period, going from 9.841 in 2002 to 20,051 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $6.2 million, representing an increase of 60.7% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 25,675 people with an annual payroll of $927,801. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Michigan totaled $10.1 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Michigan’s immigrant population increased 21.6%, growing from 523,589 in 2000 to 636,569 in 2014 (immigrant share of 6.4% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 33.8% of immigrants living in Michigan entered the U.S. before 1990, 22.9% entered between 1990 and 1999, 26.5% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 16.7% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 19.3% of immigrants living in Michigan were born in Latin America, 50.1% were born in Asia, 19.8% were born in Europe, 4.5% were born in Africa, and 6.3% were born in other regions. 30

51.6% of all immigrants in Michigan were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 348,434 people (or 6.2% of all registered voters in Michigan) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 363,268 and made-up 7.5% of Michigan’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 51,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Michigan, representing 59% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Michigan would result in a $3.8 billion loss in economic activity and a $1.7 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 20,339 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Michigan paid $86.0 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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