Minnesota

The North Star State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    277,009

  • Median Age of Latinos

    23.7

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $42,060

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    48,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    25.0%

  • Latino Homeownership

    43.6%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    8.6%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Minnesota increased by 90.6% and accounted for 25.2% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Minnesota’s Latino population totaled 277,009 and constituted 5.1% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Minneapolis and St. Paul. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Hennepin and Ramsey. 4

In 2014, Minnesota’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 100,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 48,000 and constituted 1.7% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 70.8% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

To foster relationships between immigrant medical graduates and state health care, Minnesota enacted MN S1458 to increase the presence of primary care within the state’s underrepresented regions. 8

MN S888 established the creation of three ethnic councils that are responsible for implementing sociopolitical and economic benefits within their respective populations. 9

2014

Minnesota passed MN H2397, which allows greater resources and understanding for children whose children do not speak English as their first language. Literacy programs must provide parents with the ability to monitor their child’s language proficiency and all official school documents must be available in several different languages. 10

2013

The state enacted MN H1233, which provides medical coverage to non-citizens who are ineligible for federal health care because of their immigration status. 11

Minnesota was one of several states that passed legislation related to non-lawful immigration status and in-state tuition. MN S1236 stipulates that students with unlawful immigration status may still be eligible for in-state tuition rates. 12

72.5% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (63.6% were native born and 8.9% were naturalized). 13

36.4% of Latinos were foreign born. 14

62.5% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 15

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 51.1% spoke English “very well”, 21.9% spoke English “well”, 20.1% spoke English “not well”, and 6.9% spoke English “not at all.” 16

The median age of Latinos was 23.7 years compared to 40.9 years for Whites. 17

39.8% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.2% of Whites. 18

Latinos comprise 8.6% of all persons under the age of 18. 19

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 34.7% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 5.6% of Whites), 28.6% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 26.0% of Whites), 20.7% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 33.1% of Whites), 11.1% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 23.7% of Whites), and 4.9% had a Graduate degree (compared to 11.6% of Whites). 20

Median household incomes totaled $42,060 for Latinos and $64,281 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 21

25.0% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 4.2% of Whites. 22

43.6% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 75.7% of White households) and 56.5% were renter occupied (compared to 24.3% of White households). 23

8.2% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 3.8% of Whites. 24U.S. Census Bureau, 2014, Employment Status (S2301), American Community Survey, 1 Year

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 122.5% over a 10-year period, going from 3,984 in 2002 to 8,865 in 2012. 25 26

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $1.9 million, representing an increase of 20.4% from 2007. 27 28

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 8,174 people with an annual payroll of $296,089. 29

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Minnesota totaled $5.9 billion. 30

From 2000 to 2014, Minnesota’s immigrant population increased 64.3%, growing from 260,463 in 2000 to 428,057 in 2014 (immigrant share of 7.8% in 2014). 31

In 2014, 25.1% of immigrants living in Minnesota entered the U.S. before 1990, 25.3% entered between 1990 and 1999, 32.8% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 16.8% entered after 2010. 32

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 25.6% of immigrants living in Minnesota were born in Latin America, 38.0% were born in Asia, 10.8% were born in Europe, 22.0% were born in Africa, and 3.4% were born in other regions. 33

50.3% of all immigrants in Minnesota were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 34

In 2012, 237,518 people (or 7.7% of all registered voters in Minnesota) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 35

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 286,239 and made-up 9.1% of Minnesota’s workforce. 36

Between 2009 and 2013, 46,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Minnesota, representing 65% of the undocumented civilian population. 37 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Minnesota would result in a $4.4 billion loss in economic activity and a $2 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 24,299 jobs. 38

Undocumented immigrants in Minnesota paid $87.5 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 39

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