Mississippi

The Magnolia State
Mississippi Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    88,937

  • Median Age of Latinos

    26.5

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $42,723

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    17,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    38.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    41.0%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    3.8%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Mississippi increased by 122.2% and accounted for 33.6% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Mississippi’s Latino population totaled 88,937 and constituted 3.0% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Biloxi, Southhaven, and Gulfport. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Harrison and DeSoto. 4

In 2014, Mississippi’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 32,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 17,000 and constituted 1.0% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 76.5% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2014

Mississippi was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 8

2013

Mississippi passed S2862, which meant that funds are being withheld until the state’s corrections commissioner applied to participate in an I.C.E. federal program that identifies all criminal aliens currently in the state prison system. 9

68.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (61.8% were native born and 6.4% were naturalized). 10

38.2% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

67.9% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 55.9% spoke English “very well”, 20.7% spoke English “well”, 16.8% spoke English “not well”, and 6.6% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 26.5 years compared to 40.9 years for Whites. 14

34.2% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.5% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 3.8% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 36.6% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 13.5% of Whites), 29.4% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 29.6% of Whites), 21.7% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 32.5% of Whites), 7.9% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 15.3% of Whites), and 4.5% had a Graduate degree (compared to 9.0% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $41,723 for Latinos and $48,591 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

38.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 12.0% of Whites. 19

41.0% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 76.2% of White households) and 59.0% were renter occupied (compared to 23.8% of White households). 20

11.8% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 7.0% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 152.0% over a 10-year period, going from 1,326 in 2002 to 3,341 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $540,560, representing an increase of 66.4% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 3,881 people with an annual payroll of $90,189. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Mississippi totaled $2.2 billion. 27Humphreys, Jeffrey M, 2015, “Table 13: Hispanic Buying Power by Place of Residence for United States and the States, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2015, and 2020 (millions of dollars).”The Multicultural Economy: 2015, Selig Center for Economic Growth, Terry

From 2000 to 2014, Mississippi’s immigrant population increased 63.3%, growing from 39,908 in 2000 to 65,150 in 2014 (immigrant share of 2.2% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 35.8% of immigrants living in Mississippi entered the U.S. before 1990, 19.0% entered between 1990 and 1999, 30.7% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 14.5% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 52.1% of immigrants living in Mississippi were born in Latin America, 31.6% were born in Asia, 11.1% were born in Europe, 2.9% were born in Africa, and 2.3% were born in other regions. 30

35.8% of all immigrants in Mississippi were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 26,917 people (or 1.5% of all registered voters in Mississippi) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 39,857 and made-up 2.7% of Mississippi’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 14,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Mississippi, representing 60% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Mississippi would result in a $583.1 million loss in economic activity and a $259 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 4,680 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Mississippi paid $27.3 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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