Missouri

The Show Me State
Missouri Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    240,222

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.8

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $39,724

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    28,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    24.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    46.1%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    6.3%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Missouri increased by 102.5% and accounted for 26.0% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Missouri’s Latino population totaled 240,222 and constituted 4.0% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Kansas City, St. Louis, and Independence. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Jackson and St. Louis. 4

In 2014, Missouri’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 47,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 28,000 and constituted 0.9% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 53.6% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Missouri became one of twenty states to pass laws pertaining to in-state tuition and unauthorized immigrant students. MO H3 denies funds to institutions of higher learning that provide adjusted tuition rates for undocumented students, including those with DACA. 8

2014

Missouri passed MO H2010, which allowed refugees and legal immigrants to receive naturalization assistance for becoming a U.S. citizen. To be eligible, individuals must have resided in the state for more than five years and must be “unable to benefit or attend classroom instruction, and who require special assistance to successfully attain the requirements to become a citizen.” 9 10

81.0% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (73% were native born and 7.9% were naturalized). 11

26.9% of Latinos were foreign born. 12

49.4% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 13

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 59.6% spoke English “very well”, 18.6% spoke English “well”, 15.4% spoke English “not well”, and 6.5% spoke English “not at all.” 14

The median age of Latinos was 24.8 years compared to 40.6 years for Whites. 15

37.6% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.5% of Whites. 16

Latinos comprise 6.3% of all persons under the age of 18. 17

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 28.5% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 10.3% of Whites), 25.7% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 31.8% of Whites), 25.0% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 29.6% of Whites), 12.7% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 17.9% of Whites), and 8.1% had a Graduate degree (compared to 10.4% of Whites). 18

Median household incomes totaled $39,724 for Latinos and $51,259 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 19

24.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 10.1% of Whites. 20

46.1% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 71.4% of White households) and 53.9% were renter occupied (compared to 28.6% of White households). 21

7.0% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.8% of Whites. 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 142.6% over a 10-year period, going from 3,652 in 2002 to 8,859 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $1.9 million, representing an increase of 39.7% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 13,758 people with an annual payroll of $378,167. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Missouri totaled $5.8 billion. 28

From 2000 to 2014, Missouri’s immigrant population increased 48.9%, growing from 151,196 in 2000 to 225,112 in 2014 (immigrant share of 3.7% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 30.3% of immigrants living in Missouri entered the U.S. before 1990, 23.9% entered between 1990 and 1999, 29.7% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 16.1% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 29.9% of immigrants living in Missouri were born in Latin America, 39.0% were born in Asia, 18.7% were born in Europe, 8.8% were born in Africa, and 3.6% were born in other regions. [footnote]U.S. Census Bureau, 2014, Selected Characteristics of the Foreign-Born Population by Period of Entry into the United States (S0502), American Community Survey, 1 Year Estimates.

45.8% of all immigrants in Missouri were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 71,062 people (or 2.1% of all registered voters in Missouri) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 136,707 and made-up 4.4% of Missouri’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 32,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Missouri, representing 63% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Missouri would result in a $2.3 billion loss in economic activity and a $1 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 13,859 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Missouri paid $52.1 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

Search USHLI Almanac
Profiles: