New Jersey

The Garden State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    1,729,172

  • Median Age of Latinos

    31.0

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $47,794

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    497,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    24.3%

  • Latino Homeownership

    35.3%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    25.1%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in New Jersey increased by 53.2% and accounted for 118.3% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, New Jersey’s Latino population totaled 1,729,172 and constituted 19.3% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Newark, Paterson, and Elizabeth. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Hudson and Passaic. 4

In 2014, New Jersey’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 805,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 497,000 and constituted 12.7% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 55.1% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2014

New Jersey law (NJ A1423) prohibits notary publics from fraudulently presenting themselves as legal council, especially regarding immigration-related issues. 8

The state also passed a law (NJ S873) that gives the state registrar the ability to file birth certificates for individuals who were not citizens at the time of their birth, yet have at least a IR-3 immigrant visa. Additionally, those who do not possess a visa are eligible to file for a certificate of foreign birth. 9

2013

New Jersey enacted NJ A718, requiring that all school districts receive biannual reminders from the state’s Department of Education to enroll all students in the state, regardless of their immigration status. 10

Additionally, NJ S2479 allows non-legal students to receive in-state tuition, as long as they can prove: a) that they attended high school for three years; b) graduated with a high school diploma or equivalency; c) enrolled in an accredited public institution in 2014. 11

75.1% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (57.5% were native born and 17.6% were naturalized). 12

42.5% of Latinos were foreign born. 13

79.7% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 14

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 53.7% spoke English “very well”, 17.6% spoke English “well”, 18.9% spoke English “not well”, and 9.8% spoke English “not at all.” 15

The median age of Latinos was 31.0 years compared to 43.1 years for Whites. 16

29.2% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.7% of Whites. 17

Latinos comprise 25.1% of all persons under the age of 18. 18

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 27.6% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 9.3% of Whites), 32.4% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 29.0% of Whites), 22.8% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 23.5% of Whites), 12.0% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 23.7% of Whites), and 5.3% had a Graduate degree (compared to 14.5% of Whites). 19

Median household incomes totaled $47,794 for Latinos and $77,816 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 20

24.3% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 5.9% of Whites. 21

35.3% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 71.3% of White households) and 64.7% were renter occupied (compared to 28.7% of White households). 22

8.1% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.3% of Whites. 23

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 88.2% over a 10-year period, going from 49,841 in 2002 to 93,802 in 2012. 24 25

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $13.2 million, representing an increase of 29.8% from 2007. 26 27

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 64,701 people with an annual payroll of $1.9 million. 28

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in New Jersey totaled $47.6 billion. 29

From 2000 to 2014, New Jersey’s immigrant population increased 32.8%, growing from 1,476,327 in 2000 to 1,960,734 in 2014 (immigrant share of 21.9% in 2014). 30

In 2014, 35.6% of immigrants living in New Jersey entered the U.S. before 1990, 23.9% entered between 1990 and 1999, 28.4% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 12.0% entered after 2010. 31

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 45.7% of immigrants living in New Jersey were born in Latin America, 32.5% were born in Asia, 15.6% were born in Europe, 5.2% were born in Africa, and 1.0% were born in other regions. 32

54.4% of all immigrants in New Jersey were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 33

In 2012, 886,831 people (or 20.5% of all registered voters in New Jersey) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 34

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 1,315,927 and made-up 26.2% of New Jersey’s workforce. 35

Between 2009 and 2013, 321,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in New Jersey, representing 68% of the undocumented civilian population. 36 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from New Jersey would result in a $24.2 billion loss in economic activity and a $10.7 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 193,898 jobs. 37

Undocumented immigrants in New Jersey paid $613.4 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 38

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