New Mexico

The Land of Enchantment
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    994,151

  • Median Age of Latinos

    30.9

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $38,236

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    302,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    17.3%

  • Latino Homeownership

    64.8%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    59.5%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in New Mexico increased by 29.1% and accounted for 84.8% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, New Mexico’s Latino population totaled 994,151 and constituted 47.7% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Albuquerque, Las Cruces, and Rio Rancho. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Bernalillo and Doña Ana. 4

In 2014, New Mexico’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 503,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 302,000 and constituted 32.9% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 59.3% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

In New Mexico, NM HM72 requested that President Obama, as well as the congressional delegation of New Mexico, find alternative solutions to detaining immigrants who are seeking asylum in the United States. 8

2013

New Mexico enacted NM H304, which provides protections to all victims of human trafficking, including who do not have legal status. 9

89.0% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (84.2% were native born and 4.7% were naturalized). 10

15.8% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

59.0% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 73.6% spoke English “very well”, 12.5% spoke English “well”, 8.9% spoke English “not well”, and 5.0% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 30.9 years compared to 40.2 years for Whites. 14

29.9% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 22.1% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 59.5% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 26.2% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 13.7% of Whites), 30.6% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 25.3% of Whites), 29.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 31.5% of Whites), 9.5% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 16.5% of Whites), and 4.6% had a Graduate degree (compared to 13.0% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $38,236 for Latinos and $48,048 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

17.3% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 8.1% of Whites. 19

64.8% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 69.6% of White households) and 35.3% were renter occupied (compared to 30.4% of White households). 20

9.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.7% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 57.1% over a 10-year period, going from 29,708 in 2002 to  46,679 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $7.3 million, representing an increase of 12.1% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 49,120 people with an annual payroll of $1.3 million. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in New Mexico totaled $24.3 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, New Mexico’s immigrant population increased 37.5%, growing from 149,606 in 2000 to 205,653 in 2014 (immigrant share of  9.9% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 39.3% of immigrants living in New Mexico entered the U.S. before 1990, 23.2% entered between 1990 and 1999,  28.6% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 8.9% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 77.9% of immigrants living in New Mexico were born in Latin America, 11.9% were born in Asia, 6.6% were born in Europe, 1.7% were born in Africa, and 2.0% were born in other regions. 30

36.8% of all immigrants in New Mexico were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 57,730 people (or 5.9% of all registered voters in New Mexico) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 123,782 and made-up 11.9% of New Mexico’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 35,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in New Mexico, representing 57% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from New Mexico would result in a $1.8 billion loss in economic activity and a $809.1 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 12,239 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in New Mexico paid $66.3 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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