New York

The Empire State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population


  • Median Age of Latinos


  • Median Income of Latinos 16+


  • # of Latino Registered Voters


  • Latinos Without Health Insurance


  • Latino Homeownership


  • Latinos as % of All Under 18



From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in New York increased by 26.9% and accounted for 104.6% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, New York’s Latino population totaled 3,672,791 and constituted 18.6% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in New York City, Yonkers, and Rochester. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Bronx and Kings. 4

In 2014, New York’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 1,784,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 995,000 and constituted 12.3% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 50.5% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7


In accordance with NY A3007, the state Commissioner of Health is now required to submit reports to both the president of the state senate and the speaker of the state assembly that detail demographic information of health program enrollees, including their immigration status. 8


New York passed NY S6419, which provides health care services to legal aliens who are otherwise eligible for Modified Adjusted Gross Income and have a household income that is below 133% of the federal poverty line. 9

New York also enacted NY A8974, which punishes individuals who fraudulently present themselves as legal professionals who can help with immigration-related issues. It also requires the certification of certain individuals who provide help with immigration services. 10


New York enacted NY S2230, which now requires a person’s immigration status to be taken into consideration when applying for a gun license. 11

76.9% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (61.0% were native born and 15.9% were naturalized). 12

39.0% of Latinos were foreign born. 13

78.4% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 14

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 52.9% spoke English “very well”, 18.7% spoke English “well”, 19.0% spoke English “not well”, and 9.5% spoke English “not at all.” 15

The median age of Latinos was 31.2 years compared to 41.9 years for Whites. 16

27.5% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 19.4% of Whites. 17

Latinos comprise 23.9% of all persons under the age of 18. 18

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 33.0% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 9.7% of Whites), 27.1% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 26.6% of Whites), 22.5% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 25.2% of Whites), 11.7% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 21.1% of Whites), and 5.8% had a Graduate degree (compared to 17.5% of Whites). 19

Median household incomes totaled $40,740 for Latinos and $66,399 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 20

17.0% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 5.3% of Whites. 21

23.7% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 63.0% of White households) and 76.3% were renter occupied (compared to 37.0% of White households). 22

9.0% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.8% of Whites. 23

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 63.7% over a 10-year period, going from 163,588 in 2002 to  267,869 in 2012. 24 25

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $24.1 million, representing an increase of 32.0% from 2007. 26 27

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 118,254 people with an annual payroll of $4.0 million. 28

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in New York totaled $99.6 billion. 29

From 2000 to 2014, New York’s immigrant population increased 15.4%, growing from 3,868,133 in 2000 to 4,465,469 in 2014 (immigrant share of 22.6% in 2014). 30

In 2014, 38.0% of immigrants living in New York entered the U.S. before 1990, 24.5% entered between 1990 and 1999,  25.5% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 11.9% entered after 2010. 31

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 49.4% of immigrants living in New York were born in Latin America, 28.3% were born in Asia, 16.5% were born in Europe, 4.3% were born in Africa, and 1.5% were born in other regions. 32

54.1% of all immigrants in New York were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 33

In 2012, 2,124,078 people (or 23.9% of all registered voters in New York) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 34

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 2,779,622 and made-up 26.8% of New York’s workforce. 35

Between 2009 and 2013, 522,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in New York, representing 64% of the undocumented civilian population. 36 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from New York would result in a $28.7 billion loss in economic activity and a $12.7 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 137,013 jobs. 37

Undocumented immigrants in New York paid $1.1 billion in state and local taxes in 2012. 38

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