North Dakota

The Peace Garden State
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State Highlights

  • Total Latino Population


  • Median Age of Latinos


  • Median Income of Latinos 16+


  • # of Latino Registered Voters


  • Latinos Without Health Insurance


  • Latino Homeownership


  • Latinos as % of All Under 18



From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in North Dakota increased by 199.2% and accounted for 16.0% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, North Dakota’s Latino population totaled 23,439 and constituted 3.2% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Fargo, Grand Forks, and Bismarck. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Cass and Ward. 4

In 2014, North Dakota’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 14,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 5,000 and constituted 1.4% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 40.0% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7


North Dakota is one of seven states that implemented elements from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ naturalization exam into their high school curricula. ND H1087 requires high school students to fulfill their social studies graduation requirements by pass a test based on the civics section of the exam. 8

The state also passed ND H1389, which authorizes a study that will evaluate the verification processes for citizenship statuses (for voting) and obtaining driver’s licenses. 9


North Dakota was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 10


North Dakota passed legislation (ND S2039) that requires all driver’s license applicants demonstrate their legal status with proof of residence, as well as their social security card. 11

91.1% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (86.4% were native born and 4.7% were naturalized). 12

13.6% of Latinos were foreign born. 13

40.8% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 14

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 76.2% spoke English “very well”, 16.5% spoke English “well”, 6.5% spoke English “not well”, and 0.7% spoke English “not at all.” 15

The median age of Latinos was 23.6 years compared to 37.2 years for Whites. 16

37.3% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.1% of Whites. 17

Latinos comprise 4.6% of all persons under the age of 18. 18

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 20.0% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 6.8% of Whites), 27.5% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 28.5% of Whites), 38.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 36.7% of Whites), 11.2% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 20.5% of Whites), and 3.2% had a Graduate degree (compared to 7.5% of Whites). 19

Median household incomes totaled $44,516 for Latinos and $61,675 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 20

19.0% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 6.0% of Whites. 21

49.8% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 67.1% of White households) and 50.2% were renter occupied (compared to 33.0% of White households). 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 150.9% over a 10-year period, going from 230 in 2002 to  577 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $20,484, representing an increase of 35.9% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed between 1,000 and 2,499 people. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in North Dakota totaled $605. million. 28

From 2000 to 2014, North Dakota’s immigrant population increased 99.4%, growing from 12,114 in 2000 to 24,154 in 2014 (immigrant share of  3.3% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 21.9% of immigrants living in North Dakota entered the U.S. before 1990, 21.6% entered between 1990 and 1999,  34.1% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 22.4% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 13.4% of immigrants living in North Dakota were born in Latin America, 36.3% were born in Asia, 17.1% were born in Europe, 20.3% were born in Africa, and 12.9% were born in other regions. 31

36.4% of all immigrants in North Dakota were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 32

In 2012, 7,659 people (or 2.0% of all registered voters in North Dakota) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 33

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 12,445 and made-up 3.4% of North Dakota’s workforce. 34

In 2008, 1,029 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in North Dakota. 35 In addition, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from North Dakota would result in a $55.1 million loss in economic activity and a $24.5 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 360 jobs. 36

Undocumented immigrants in North Dakota paid $5.5 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 37

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