Ohio

The Buckeye State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    403,190

  • Median Age of Latinos

    25.4

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $38,794

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    93,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    17.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    43.8%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    5.5%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Ohio increased by 83.7% and accounted for 79.7% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Ohio’s Latino population totaled 403,190 and constituted 3.5% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Columbus, Cleveland, and Toledo. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Cuyahoga and Franklin. 4

In 2014, Ohio’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 157,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 93,000 and constituted 1.6% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 38.7% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

In a study conducted by UC Global Health Institute, the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, and the UCLA Blum Center on Poverty and Health in Latin America, Ohio ranked last in states that have policies that adequately care for the health and well-being of undocumented immigrants. 8

2014

Ohio was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 9

2013

The Ohio Board of Regents ruled that DACA students can receive to receive in-state tuition rates at Ohio public education institutions, as long as they can meet residency requirements. 10“Ohio Policy.” The uLEAD Network. Accessed on January 9, 2016 from http://uleadnet.org/map/ohio-policy[/note]

86.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (79.2% were native born and 7.0% were naturalized). 11

20.8% of Latinos were foreign born. 12

49.8% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 13

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 59.2% spoke English “very well”, 19.5% spoke English “well”, 15.0% spoke English “not well”, and 6.4% spoke English “not at all.” 14

The median age of Latinos was 25.4 years compared to 41.6 years for Whites. 15

36.7% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.1% of Whites. 16

Latinos comprise 5.5% of all persons under the age of 18. 17

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 27.3% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 9.7% of Whites), 27.7% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 34.8% of Whites), 27.0% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 28.1% of Whites), 11.2% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 17.3% of Whites), and 6.8% had a Graduate degree (compared to 10.1% of Whites). 18

Median household incomes totaled $38,794 for Latinos and $52,660 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 19

17.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.5% of Whites. 20

43.8% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 70.6% of White households) and 56.2% were renter occupied (compared to 29.4% of White households). 21

9.8% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.7% of Whites. 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 126.7% over a 10-year period, going from 7,109 in 2002 to  16,117 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $3.5 million, representing an increase of 49.3% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 25,151 people with an annual payroll of $602,311. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Ohio totaled $9.7 billion. 28

From 2000 to 2014, Ohio’s immigrant population increased 42.1%, growing from 339,279 in 2000 to 482,114 in 2014 (immigrant share of  4.2% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 32.1% of immigrants living in Ohio entered the U.S. before 1990, 19.7% entered between 1990 and 1999,  29.4% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 18.8% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 19.5% of immigrants living in Ohio were born in Latin America, 43.4% were born in Asia, 21.6% were born in Europe, 12.1% were born in Africa, and 3.5% were born in other regions. 31

49.9% of all immigrants in Ohio were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 32

In 2012, 243,052 people (or 4.0% of all registered voters in Ohio) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 33

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 286,475 and made-up 4.9% of Ohio’s workforce. 34

Between 2009 and 2013, 46,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Ohio, representing 62% of the undocumented civilian population. 35 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Ohio would result in a $4 billion loss in economic activity and a $1.8 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 25,019 jobs. 36

Undocumented immigrants in Ohio paid $81.2 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 37

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