Oklahoma

The Sooner State
Oklahoma Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    381,531

  • Median Age of Latinos

    23.1

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $37,783

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    84,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    29.9%

  • Latino Homeownership

    49.0%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    15.8%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Oklahoma increased by 110.7% and accounted for 47.3% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Oklahoma’s Latino population totaled 381,531 and constituted 9.8% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Oklahoma City and Tulsa. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Oklahoma and Tulsa. 4

In 2014, Oklahoma’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 156,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 84,000 and constituted 5.1% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 33.3% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2014

Oklahoma was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 8

72.5% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (65.9% were native born and 6.6% were naturalized). 9

34.1% of Latinos were foreign born. 10

65.6% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 11

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 52.5% spoke English “very well”, 20.1% spoke English “well”, 19.5% spoke English “not well”, and 7.9% spoke English “not at all.” 12

The median age of Latinos was 23.4 years compared to 39.9 years for Whites. 13

39.6% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 21.6% of Whites. 14

Latinos comprise 15.8% of all persons under the age of 18. 15

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 40.8% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 11.4% of Whites), 28.0% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 31.7% of Whites), 21.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 31.4% of Whites), 7.0% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 16.9% of Whites), and 3.2% had a Graduate degree (compared to 8.6% of Whites). 16

Median household incomes totaled $37,783 for Latinos and $50,830 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 17

29.9% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 11.3% of Whites. 18

49.0% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 69.3% of White households) and 51.0% were renter occupied (compared to 30.7% of White households). 19

5.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 4.9% of Whites. 20

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 170.7% over a 10-year period, going from 5,442 in 2002 to 14,729 in 2012. 21 22

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $30 million, representing an increase of 74.7% from 2007. 23 24

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 14,998 people with an annual payroll of $417,327. 25

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Oklahoma totaled $8.4 billion. 26

From 2000 to 2014, Oklahoma’s immigrant population increased 72.0%, growing from 131,747 in 2000 to 226,665 in 2014 (immigrant share of 5.8% in 2014). 27

In 2014, 28.6% of immigrants living in Oklahoma entered the U.S. before 1990, 23.3% entered between 1990 and 1999, 32.3% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 15.7% entered after 2010. 28

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 58.7% of immigrants living in Oklahoma were born in Latin America, 27.1% were born in Asia, 7.7% were born in Europe, 4.2% were born in Africa, and 2.4% were born in other regions. 29

32.4% of all immigrants in Oklahoma were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 30

In 2012, 46,944 people (or 2.6% of all registered voters in Oklahoma) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 31

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 144,999 and made-up 7.0% of Oklahoma’s workforce. 32

Between 2009 and 2013, 51,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Oklahoma, representing 69% of the undocumented civilian population. 33 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Oklahoma would result in a $580.3 million loss in economic activity and a $257.8 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 4,680 jobs. 34

Undocumented immigrants in Oklahoma paid $76.5 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 35

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