Oregon

The Beaver State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    496,789

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.9

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $39,780

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    106,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    21.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    38.2%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    21.7%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Oregon increased by 78.5% and accounted for 40.4% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Oregon’s Latino population totaled 496,789 and constituted 12.5% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Portland, Salem, and Hillsboro. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Washington and Multnomah. 4

In 2014, Oregon’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 184,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 106,000 and constituted 5.3% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 33.7% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Oregon passed legislation (OR H2419) that requires health care providers to use qualified interpreters when treating patients who are not proficient in the English language. 8

Legislation was also passed (OR H2177) stipulating that the Department of Transportation must submit demographic information on each qualified voter, including their citizenship status, to Oregon’s Secretary of State. 9

2013

Oregon passed OR H2787, making a student eligible for in-state tuition rates if they: a) attended school in the state for three years (five if attended within the United States or Puerto Rico); b) graduated from high school; c) show that they intend on becoming a legal U.S. citizen; d) apply for either a tax identification number or other type of federal identification. 10

Additionally, OR H2134 was passed to standardize the information that’s collected from minority, refugee, and immigrant populations by the Oregon Health Authority and Department of Human Services. This will allow the state to better evaluate the needs of the community and improve accordingly. 11

72.3% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (64.3% were native born and 8.0% were naturalized). 12

35.7% of Latinos were foreign born. 13

70.0% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 14

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 55.1% spoke English “very well”, 19.8% spoke English “well”, 16.5% spoke English “not well”, and 8.6% spoke English “not at all.” 15

The median age of Latinos was 24.9 years compared to 41.5 years for Whites. 16

37.6% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 19.9% of Whites. 17

Latinos comprise 21.7% of all persons under the age of 18. 18

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 37.4% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 8.9% of Whites), 27.6% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 24.5% of Whites), 22.3% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 35.2% of Whites), 8.0% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 19.7% of Whites), and 4.8% had a Graduate degree (compared to 11.7% of Whites). 19

Median household incomes totaled $39,780 for Latinos and $51,919 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 20

21.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.8% of Whites. 21

38.2% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 63.0% of White households) and 61.8% were renter occupied (compared to 37.0% of White households). 22

10.4% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 7.2% of Whites. 23

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 144.2% over a 10-year period, going from 6,360 in 2002 to 15,528 in 2012. 24 25

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $2.3 million, representing an increase of 36.3% from 2007. 26 27

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 16,935 people with an annual payroll of $448,014. 28

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Oregon totaled $9.6 billion. 29

From 2000 to 2014, Oregon’s immigrant population increased 35.9%, growing from 289,702 in 2000 to 393,652 in 2014 (immigrant share of 9.9% in 2014). 30

In 2014, 33.8% of immigrants living in Oregon entered the U.S. before 1990, 26.8% entered between 1990 and 1999, 26.2% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 13.2% entered after 2010. 31

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 45.7% of immigrants living in Oregon were born in Latin America, 30.0% were born in Asia, 14.6% were born in Europe, 4.1% were born in Africa, and 5.5% were born in other regions. 32

40.6% of all immigrants in Oregon were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 33

In 2012, 158,518 people (or 7.6% of all registered voters in Oregon) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 34

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 251,097 and made-up 11.6% of Oregon’s workforce. 35

Between 2009 and 2013, 69,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Oregon, representing 66% of the undocumented civilian population. 36 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Oregon would result in a $3.4 billion loss in economic activity and a $1.5 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 19,259 jobs. 37

Undocumented immigrants in Oregon paid $83.1 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 38

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