Pennsylvania

The Keystone State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    838,823

  • Median Age of Latinos

    25.9

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $35,231

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    260,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    19.6%

  • Latino Homeownership

    39.4%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    10.8%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Pennsylvania increased by 110.6% and accounted for 87.6% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Pennsylvania’s Latino population totaled 838,823 and constituted 6.6% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Philadelphia, Allentown, and Reading. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Philadelphia and Berks. 4

In 2014, Pennsylvania’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 540,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 260,000 and constituted 4.2% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 45.8% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2014

Pennsylvania passed legislation (PA S75) that allows victims of human trafficking access to information and assistance that will help them in becoming legal immigrants. 8

2013

Pennsylvania enacted PA H25, which bans notary publics from acting asimmigration professionals.9

84.6% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (76.9% were native born and 7.7% were naturalized). 10

23.1% of Latinos were foreign born. 11

66.0% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 12

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 56.4% spoke English “very well”, 19.2% spoke English “well”, 16.0% spoke English “not well”, and 8.4% spoke English “not at all.” 13

The median age of Latinos was 25.9 years compared to 43.4 years for Whites. 14

35.0% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 19.3% of Whites. 15

Latinos comprise 10.8% of all persons under the age of 18. 16

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 32.6% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 9.2% of Whites), 32.5% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 36.9% of Whites), 21.0% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 23.9% of Whites), 8.9% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 18.4% of Whites), and 4.9% had a Graduate degree (compared to 11.6% of Whites). 17

Median household incomes totaled $35,231 for Latinos and $56,862 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 18

19.6% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 6.9% of Whites. 19

39.4% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 73.2% of White households) and 60.6% were renter occupied (compared to 26.8% of White households). 20

12.8% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.5% of Whites. 21

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 217.4% over a 10-year period, going from 11,023 in 2002 to 34,987 in 2012. 22 23

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $5.2 million, representing an increase of 58.9% from 2007. 24 25

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 28,736 people with an annual payroll of $943,123. 26

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Pennsylvania totaled $19.3 billion. 27

From 2000 to 2014, Pennsylvania’s immigrant population increased 61.7%, growing from 508,291 in 2000 to 821,700 in 2014 (immigrant share of 6.4% in 2014). 28

In 2014, 32.7% of immigrants living in Pennsylvania entered the U.S. before 1990, 20.7% entered between 1990 and 1999, 29.7% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 16.8% entered after 2010. 29

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 31.3% of immigrants living in Pennsylvania were born in Latin America, 39.2% were born in Asia, 20.0% were born in Europe, 7.2% were born in Africa, and 2.3% were born in other regions. 30

51.1% of all immigrants in Pennsylvania were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 31

In 2012, 360,112 people (or 5.3% of all registered voters in Pennsylvania) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 32

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 507,109 and made-up 7.4% of Pennsylvania’s workforce. 33

Between 2009 and 2013, 78,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Pennsylvania, representing 62% of the undocumented civilian population. 34 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Pennsylvania would result in a $5.3 billion loss in economic activity and a $2.3 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 27,718 jobs. 35

Undocumented immigrants in Pennsylvania paid $150.4 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 36

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