South Dakota

Mount Rushmore State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    30,537

  • Median Age of Latinos

    21.8

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $43,338

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    3,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    15.3%

  • Latino Homeownership

    49.7%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    5.5%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in South Dakota increased by 177.7% and accounted for 20.1% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, South Dakota’s Latino population totaled 30,537 and constituted 3.6% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Sioux Falls and Rapid City. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Minnehaha and Pennington. 4

In 2014, South Dakota’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 10,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 3,000 and constituted 0.7% of all registered voters in the state. 6

2014

South Dakota was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 7

91.3% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (84.8% were native born and 6.5% were naturalized). 8

15.2% of Latinos were foreign born. 9

34.5% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 10

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 67.1% spoke English “very well”, 14.1% spoke English “well”, 14.3% spoke English “not well”, and 4.5% spoke English “not at all.” 11

The median age of Latinos was 21.8 years compared to 40.2 years for Whites. 12

40.6% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 22.1% of Whites. 13

Latinos comprise 5.5% of all persons under the age of 18. 14

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 22.5% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 7.0% of Whites), 34.9% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 30.6% of Whites), 19.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 33.2% of Whites), 19.2% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 21.2% of Whites), and 4.3% had a Graduate degree (compared to 8.1% of Whites). 15

Median household incomes totaled $43,338 for Latinos and $52,971 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 16

15.3% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.1% of Whites. 17

49.7% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 71.4% of White households) and 50.3% were renter occupied (compared to 28.6% of White households). 18

6.0% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 2.4% of Whites. 19

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 136.3% over a 10-year period, going from 355 in 2002 to 839 in 2012. 20 21

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $640,710, representing an increase of 101.9% from 2007. 22 23

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed between 1,000 and 2,499. 24

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in South Dakota totaled $775 million. 25

From 2000 to 2014, South Dakota’s immigrant population increased 82.5%, growing from 13,495 in 2000 to 24,627 in 2014 (immigrant share of 2.9% in 2014). 26

In 2014, 25.4% of immigrants living in South Dakota entered the U.S. before 1990, 20.1% entered between 1990 and 1999, 33.2% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 21.2% entered after 2010. [footnote]U.S. Census Bureau, 2014, Period of Entry by Nativity and Citizenship Status in the United States (B05005), American Community Survey, 1 Year Estimates.

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 28.6% of immigrants living in South Dakota were born in Latin America, 32.2% were born in Asia, 14.8% were born in Europe, 19.7% were born in Africa, and 4.7% were born in other regions. [footnote]U.S. Census Bureau, 2014, Selected Characteristics of the Foreign-Born Population by Period of Entry into the United States (S0502), American Community Survey, 1 Year Estimates.

37.3% of all immigrants in South Dakota were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 27[/footnote]

In 2012, 5,903 people (or 1.3% of all registered voters in South Dakota) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 28

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 15,661 and made-up 3.3% of South Dakota’s workforce. 29

4,114 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in South Dakota in 2008. 30 In addition, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from South Dakota would result in a $190.5 million loss in economic activity and a $84.6 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 1,440 jobs. 31

Undocumented immigrants in South Dakota paid $4.2 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 32

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