Texas

The Lone Star State
Texas Side Bar
State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    10,411,340

  • Median Age of Latinos

    28.0

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $41,177

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    2,255,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    30.0%

  • Latino Homeownership

    55.3%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    49.1%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Texas increased by 54.5% and accounted for 61.1% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Texas’s Latino population totaled 10,411,340 and constituted 38.6% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Houston, San Antonio, and El Paso. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Harris and Bexar. 4

In 2014, Texas’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 4,878,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 2,255,000 and constituted 22.7% of all registered voters in the state. [footnote]Ibid

Approximately 48.4% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 6

2015

Texas became one of two states to sue the federal government over refugee resettlement. 7

Texas passed Texas H1, which provides funds to seven universities ($150,000 per school) for use in certifying bilingual and ESL students during the next calendar year.

The state also passed S374. Under this bill, all state agencies are required to register and participate in E-Verify. 8

Texas was one of the states that passed legislation related to human trafficking. TX S1853 gave the Department of Public State authorization to create a program that aims to prevent and identify human and trafficking between the United States and Mexico. 9

In reports presented by federal refugee programs, TX S1928 requires that the input of local governments and communities also be included. 10

Additionally, TX SCR5 requested reimbursement from the federal government for the money the state has spent to protect the Texas-Mexican border, which they believe is a federal responsibility. 11

2014

Texas lead twenty-five other states in filing a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 12

78.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (70.4% were native born and 7.8% were naturalized). 13

29.6% of Latinos were foreign born. 14

75.8% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 15

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 57.4% spoke English “very well”, 17.5% spoke English “well”, 15.1% spoke English “not well”, and 9.9% spoke English “not at all.” 16

The median age of Latinos was 28.0 years compared to 35.4 years for Whites. 17

33.5% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 25.6% of Whites. 18

Latinos comprise 49.1% of all persons under the age of 18. 19

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 37.5% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 17.5% of Whites), 26.6% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 25.1% of Whites), 23.0% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 29.3% of Whites), 9.4% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 18.8% of Whites), and 3.6% had a Graduate degree (compared to 9.4% of Whites). 20

Median household incomes totaled $41,177 for Latinos and $56,256 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 21

30.0% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 10.8% of Whites. 22

55.3% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 65.5% of White households) and 44.7% were renter occupied (compared to 34.6% of White households). 23

6.6% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 4.7% of Whites. 24

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 116.0% over a 10-year period, going from 319,340 in 2002 to 689,928 in 2012. 25 26

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $99.8 million, representing an increase of 60.7% from 2007. 27 28

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 593,153 people with an annual payroll of $17.6 million. 29

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Texas totaled $255.7 billion/ 30

From 2000 to 2014, Texas’s immigrant population increased 56.0%, growing from 2.9 million in 2000 to 4.5 million in 2014 (immigrant share of 16.8% in 2014). 31

In 2014, 32.0% of immigrants living in Texas entered the U.S. before 1990, 25.4% entered between 1990 and 1999, 29.8% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 12.8% entered after 2010. 32

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 69.9% of immigrants living in Texas were born in Latin America, 20.3% were born in Asia, 4.4% were born in Europe, 4.2% were born in Africa, and 1.3% were born in other regions. 33

34.9% of all immigrants in Texas were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 34

In 2012, 1,354,342 people (or 12.6% of all registered voters in Texas) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 35

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 2,854,830 and made-up 20.8% of Texas’s workforce. 36

Between 2009 and 2013, 829,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Texas, representing 62% of the undocumented civilian population. 37In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Texas would result in a $69.3 billion loss in economic activity and a $30.8 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 403,174 jobs. 38

Undocumented immigrants in Texas paid $1.5 billion in state and local taxes in 2012. 39

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