Vermont

The Green Mountain State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    11,110

  • Median Age of Latinos

    25.3

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $50,538

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    2,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    6.0%

  • Latino Homeownership

    49.6%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    2.7%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Vermont increased by 100.0% and accounted for 32.8% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Vermont’s Latino population totaled 11,110 and constituted 1.8% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Burlington. 3The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Chittenden and Washington. 4

In 2014, Vermont’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 3,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 2,000 and constituted 0.6% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 100.0% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2013

Vermont enacted law that allows non-legal immigrants to apply for a Driver’s Privilege Card, which doesn’t require applicants to demonstrate legal status. 8

92.1% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (86.1% were native born and 5.9% were naturalized). 9

13.9% of Latinos were foreign born. 10

34.6% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 11

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 79.1% spoke English “very well”, 13.7% spoke English “well”, 7.3% spoke English “not well”, and 0.0% spoke English “not at all.” 12

The median age of Latinos was 25.3 years compared to 43.6 years for Whites. 13

30.2% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 18.8% of Whites. 14

Latinos comprise 2.7% of all persons under the age of 18. 15

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 13.5% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 7.3% of Whites), 16.1% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 31.1% of Whites), 39.0% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 26.5% of Whites), 18.8% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 21.0% of Whites), and 12.7% had a Graduate degree (compared to 14.1% of Whites). 16

Median household incomes totaled $50,538 for Latinos and $54,669 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 17

6.0% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 4.8% of Whites. 18

49.6% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 70.7% of White households) and 50.4% were renter occupied (compared to 29.3% of White households). 19

6.2% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 5.2% of Whites. 20

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 51.8% over a 10-year period, going from 452 in 2002 to 686 in 2012. 21 22

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $183,236, representing an decrease of 0.9% from 2007. 23 24

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 682 people with an annual payroll of $18,030. 25

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Vermont totaled $358 million. 26

From 2000 to 2014, Vermont’s immigrant population increased 10.0%, growing from 23,245 in 2000 to 25,578 in 2014 (immigrant share of 4.1% in 2014). 27

In 2014, 41.3% of immigrants living in Vermont entered the U.S. before 1990, 18.3% entered between 1990 and 1999, 24.7% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 15.7% entered after 2010. 28

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 11.8% of immigrants living in Vermont were born in Latin America, 28.7% were born in Asia, 30.6% were born in Europe, 7.0% were born in Africa, and 21.9% were born in other regions. 29

58.1% of all immigrants in Vermont were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 30

In 2012, 20,353 people (or 5.7% of all registered voters in Vermont) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 31

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 15,105 and made-up 4.7% of Vermont’s workforce. 32

5,143 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Vermont. 33 In addition, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Vermont would result in a $249.5 million loss in economic activity and a $110.8 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 1,800 jobs. 34

Undocumented immigrants in Vermont paid $5.8 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 35

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