Virginia

The Old Dominion State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    737,316

  • Median Age of Latinos

    28.1

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $60,491

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    112,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    27.9%

  • Latino Homeownership

    45.5%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    12.6%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Virginia increased by 120.6% and accounted for 33.0% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Virginia’s Latino population totaled 737,316 and constituted 8.9% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Arlington, Alexandria, and Virginia Beach. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Fairfax and Prince William. 4

In 2014, Virginia’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 236,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 112,000 and constituted 2.9% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 53.6% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

In Virginia, VA S1361 gave authorization to officers who are responsible for facilities housing aliens to transfer the individual’s custody to the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, once a detainer has been received. This transfer must occur within five days of the individual’s scheduled release date. 8

2014

Virginia passed legislation (VA S315) that asks the state Board of Elections to remove the names of individuals who are not U.S. citizens. This information typically comes from other state agencies. 9

2013

Virginia enacted VA S1077, which requires the State Board to participate in a program called Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements, in order to determine U.S. citizenship and thus, voter eligibility. 10

68.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (54.6% were native born and 13.6% were naturalized). 11

45.4% of Latinos were foreign born. 12

70.6% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 13

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 56.1% spoke English “very well”, 20.5% spoke English “well”, 17.9% spoke English “not well”, and 5.5% spoke English “not at all.” 14

The median age of Latinos was 28.1 years compared to 40.4 years for Whites. 15

32.1% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.5% of Whites. 16

Latinos comprise 12.6% of all persons under the age of 18. 17

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 30.4% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 10.0% of Whites), 25.0% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 24.2% of Whites), 22.1% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 26.7% of Whites), 13.0% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 22.3% of Whites), and 9.5% had a Graduate degree (compared to 16.8% of Whites). 18

Median household incomes totaled $60,491 for Latinos and $70,387 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 19

27.9% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.5% of Whites. 20

45.5% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 71.3% of White households) and 54.5% were renter occupied (compared to 28.7% of White households). 21

6.0% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 4.9% of Whites. 22

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 131.6% over a 10-year period, going from 18,987 in 2002 to 43,981 in 2012. 23 24

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $9.0 million, representing an increase of 52.4% from 2007. 25 26

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 44,124 people with an annual payroll of $1.9 million. 27

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Virginia totaled $21.5 billion. 28

From 2000 to 2014, Virginia’s immigrant population increased 76.3%, growing from 570,279 in 2000 to 1,005,620 in 2014 (immigrant share of 12.1% in 2014). 29

In 2014, 30.8% of immigrants living in Virginia entered the U.S. before 1990, 23.3% entered between 1990 and 1999, 31.8% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 14.2% entered after 2010. 30

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 35.9% of immigrants living in Virginia were born in Latin America, 41.9% were born in Asia, 10.0% were born in Europe, 10.4% were born in Africa, and 1.7% were born in other regions. 31

49.4% of all immigrants in Virginia were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 32

In 2012, 454,690 people (or 10.8% of all registered voters in Virginia) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 33

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 679,958 and made-up 14.2% of Virginia’s workforce. 34

Between 2009 and 2013, 158,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Virginia, representing 69% of the undocumented civilian population. 35 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Virginia would result in a $11.2 billion loss in economic activity and a $5 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 62,918 jobs. 36

Undocumented immigrants in Virginia paid $240.4 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 37

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