Washington

The Evergreen State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    858,779

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.3

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $47,010

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    169,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    21.4%

  • Latino Homeownership

    41.3%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    20.5%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Washington increased by 92.1% and accounted for 35.8% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, Washington’s Latino population totaled 858,779 and constituted 12.2% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Seattle, Yakima, and Pasco. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were King and Yakima. 4

In 2014, Washington’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 378,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 169,000 and constituted 5.2% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 3.0% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2015

Washington passed WA H1127, which pertains to the state’s agricultural workers. It ensures skill and safety training for all workers, including seasonal migrant workers. 8

75.2% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (68.0% were native born and 7.2% were naturalized). 9

32.0% of Latinos were foreign born. 10

65.9% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 11

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 55.8% spoke English “very well”, 18.8% spoke English “well”, 17.6% spoke English “not well”, and 7.8% spoke English “not at all.” 12

The median age of Latinos was 24.3 years compared to 40.3 years for Whites. 13

38.3% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.7% of Whites. 14

Latinos comprise 20.5% of all persons under the age of 18. 15

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 36.7% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 7.8% of Whites), 23.0% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 23.2% of Whites), 25.8% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 35.5% of Whites), 10.3% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 21.4% of Whites), and 4.2% had a Graduate degree (compared to 12.1% of Whites). 16

Median household incomes totaled $47,010 for Latinos and $62,357 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 17

21.4% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 7.0% of Whites. 18

41.3% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 64.8% of White households) and 58.7% were renter occupied (compared to 35.2% of White households). 19

7.3% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.0% of Whites. 20

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 139.7% over a 10-year period, going from 10,261 in 2002 to 24,599 in 2012. 21 22

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $35.1 million, representing an increase of 1185.2% from 2007. 23 24

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed between 25,000 and 49,999 people. 25

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in Washington totaled $19.7 billion. 26

From 2000 to 2014, Washington’s immigrant population increased 53.8%, growing from 614,457 in 2000 to 944,746 in 2014 (immigrant share of 13.4% in 2014). 27

In 2014, 31.8% of immigrants living in Washington entered the U.S. before 1990, 25.4% entered between 1990 and 1999, 28.8% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 14.1% entered after 2010. 28

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 29.9% of immigrants living in Washington were born in Latin America, 41.8% were born in Asia, 16.4% were born in Europe, 5.5% were born in Africa, and 6.4% were born in other regions. 29

46.3% of all immigrants in Washington were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 30

In 2012, 466,330 people (or 13.2% of all registered voters in Washington) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 31

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 600,224 and made-up 15.9% of Washington’s workforce. 32

Between 2009 and 2013, 119,000 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in Washington, representing 64% of the undocumented civilian population. 33 In 2008, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from Washington would result in a $14.5 billion loss in economic activity and a $6.4 billion loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 71,197 jobs. 34

Undocumented immigrants in Washington paid $301.9 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 35

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