West Virginia

The Mountain State
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State Highlights
  • Total Latino Population

    26,847

  • Median Age of Latinos

    24.7

  • Median Income of Latinos 16+

    $34,907

  • # of Latino Registered Voters

    11,000

  • Latinos Without Health Insurance

    13.2%

  • Latino Homeownership

    62.5%

  • Latinos as % of All Under 18

    2.3%

Untitled-1

From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in West Virginia increased by 117.4% and accounted for 33.5% of the state’s total population growth. 1

In 2014, West Virginia’s Latino population totaled 26,847 and constituted 1.5% of the state’s total population. 2

Much of the Latino population is concentrated in Morgantown and Martinsburg. 3 The two counties with the largest Latino populations were Berkeley and Monongalia. 4

In 2014, West Virginia’s Latino citizen voting age population numbered 16,000. 5

Furthermore, Latino registered voters totaled 11,000 and constituted 1.2% of all registered voters in the state. 6

Approximately 27.3% of Latino registered voters cast ballots during the November 2014 elections. 7

2014

West Virginia was one of twenty-six states that filed a lawsuit against the federal government, arguing that President Obama’s suspension of immigration laws was unconstitutional. 8

87.4% of Latinos were citizens of the United States (80.1% were native born and 7.4% were naturalized). 9

20.0% of Latinos were foreign born. 10

34.4% of Latinos 5-years of age and older spoke Spanish. 11

Of Latino Spanish-speakers 5-years of age and older, 71.0% spoke English “very well”, 15.8% spoke English “well”, 11.2% spoke English “not well”, and 2.0% spoke English “not at all.” 12

The median age of Latinos was 24.7 years compared to 42.8 years for Whites. 13

36.1% of Latinos were under 18 years of age compared to 20.0% of Whites. 14

Latinos comprise 2.3% of all persons under the age of 18. 15

Of Latinos 25-years of age and older, 16.8% had less than a high school diploma (compared to 14.9% of Whites), 35.5% had a high school diploma, GED, or alternative credential (compared to 41.6% of Whites), 25.3% had some college or an Associate’s degree (compared to 24.6% of Whites), 13.7% had a Bachelor’s degree (compared to 11.6% of Whites), and 8.7% had a Graduate degree (compared to 7.3% of Whites). 16

Median household incomes totaled $34,907 for Latinos and $41,686 for Whites (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars). 17

13.2% of Latinos lacked health insurance compared to 8.4% of Whites. 18

62.5% of Latino households were owner occupied (compared to 73.5% of White households) and 37.5% were renter occupied (compared to 26.5% of White households). 19

12.2% of Latinos were unemployed compared to 6.7% of Whites. 20

The number of Latino-owned businesses grew 45.8% over a 10-year period, going from 648 in 2002 to 945 in 2012. 21 22

In 2012, receipts for Latino-owned businesses totaled $279,901, representing an increase of 75.1% from 2007. 23 24

In 2012, Latino-owned businesses employed 2,367 people with an annual payroll of $67,462. 25

In 2015, the Latino purchasing power in West Virginia totaled $682 million. 26

From 2000 to 2014, West Virginia’s immigrant population increased 31.0%, growing from 19,390 in 2000 to 25,407 in 2014 (immigrant share of 1.4% in 2014). 27

In 2014, 42.6% of immigrants living in West Virginia entered the U.S. before 1990, 16.7% entered between 1990 and 1999, 22.1% entered between 2000 and 2009, and 18.6% entered after 2010. 28

According to a U.S. Census Bureau 2014 estimate, 25.8% of immigrants living in West Virginia were born in Latin America, 43.6% were born in Asia, 18.4% were born in Europe, 6.6% were born in Africa, and 5.5% were born in other regions. 29

47.1% of all immigrants in West Virginia were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2014. 30

In 2012, 10,801 people (or 1.1% of all registered voters in West Virginia) were newly naturalized citizens or U.S. born children of immigrants. 31

In 2014, foreign-born workers totaled 14,890 and made-up 1.7% of West Virginia’s workforce. 32

514 undocumented immigrants held permanent jobs in West Virginia in 2008. 33 In addition, The Perryman Group found that removing undocumented immigrants from West Virginia would result in a $26.6 million loss in economic activity and a $11.8 million loss in gross state product, as well as a loss of 180 jobs. 34

Undocumented immigrants in West Virginia paid $4.1 million in state and local taxes in 2012. 35

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